Do you know any interesting facts about Avachinsky? At 8993 feet | 2741 meters, Avachinsky is one of the most active volcanoes on the Kamchatka Peninsula in eastern Russia. The Kamchatka Peninsula is part of the Pacific Ring Of Fire and is home to over 100 active volcanoes. Due to the high density of active volcanoes, this region has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Avachinsky is visible from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky – making it a popular destination for mountaineers, skiers, and adventurers. Due to its proximity to a populated area and its history of large and destructive eruptions, Avachinsky and neighboring Koryaksky were designated as a Decade Volcano in 1996. With over 17 powerful eruptions in recorded history, Avachinsky is an exciting and wild mountain.
Avachinsky Quick Facts:
- Elevation: 8993 feet | 2741 meters
- Prominence: 5086 feet | 1550 meters
- Isolation: 6.12 feet | 9.85 kilometers
- Lat/Long: 53.256, 158.837
- Range: Kamchatka Peninsula
- First Ascent:
- Weather Forecast: Avachinsky
Let’s look at some interesting facts about Avachinsky:
- Avachinksky is an ultra prominent peak because it has over 1500 meters of prominence. There are approximately 22 ultra prominent peaks on the Kamchatka Peninsula.
- Avachinsky is an active stratovolcano that is located approximately 30 kilometers northeast of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.
- Avachinsky is one of the most active volcanoes on the Kamchatka Peninsula. In became active in 1991 after almost a half century of being quiet. It’s last eruption was 2008.
- The mountain is located where Pacific Plate slides under the Eurasian Plate at 80 mm/year.
- In 1945, Avachinsky recorded an eruption that measured a 4 on the a Volcanic Explosivity Index.
- The mountain measures 4 kilometers wide at the base. It’s crater measures 350 meters wide and 220 meters deep.
- Avachinsky features a horseshoe shaped caldera that formed 30-40,000 years ago during a major landslide. It is open to the southwest side. The volcano features a younger cone inside an older caldera.
- Avachinsky is classified as a Somma Volcano because of “a volcanic caldera that has been partially filled by a new central cone.” (Wikipedia.org: Somma Volcano).
- In 1996, Avachinsky and neighboring Koryaksky Volcano were designated as Decade Volcanoes by the International Association of Volcanology And Chemistry Of The Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI) as part of the United Nations’ International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. There are only 16 decade volcanoes in the world. These volcanoes are “worthy of particular study in light of their history of large, destructive eruptions and proximity to populated areas” (Wikipedia.org: Decade Volcanoes).
- In the Journal Of Captain Cook’s Last Voyage, John Ledyard records an eruption of Avachinsky on June 15, 1779. He refers to Koryaksky and Avachinsky as Peter and Paul.
- There have been roughly 16 large eruptions in recorded history (since 1737).
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